The Ultimate Guide to Prakasam: History, Places to Visit, Culture, and More!

Prakasam locale (some time ago called the Ongole region) is one of the nine regions in the Coastal Andhra area of the Indian territory of Andhra Pradesh. It was framed in 1970. The base camp of the locale is Ongole. It is situated on the western shore of the Bay of Bengal and is limited by the Guntur area on the north, the Kurnool region on the west, Kadapa and Nellore areas on the south.

A piece of northwest locale additionally borders the Mahabubnagar region of Telangana. It is the third-biggest region in the state and tenth-biggest in the country with a space of 17,626 km2 (6,805 sq mi) and had a populace of 3,392,764 according to the 2011 Census of India

Etymology

The locale was named after the loyalist and first Chief Minister of Andhra State Tanguturi Prakasam, otherwise called Andhra Kesari, who was brought into the world in the town of Vinodarayunipalem. It was appropriately renamed as Prakasam District in the year 1972.

History 

Prakasam area was initially established on 2 February 1970, cut out of Guntur, Nellore and Kurnool locale of Andhra Pradesh. It was cut out of three taluks of the Guntur region, for example, Addanki, Chirala, and Ongole, four taluks of the Nellore area, for example, Kandukur, Kanigiri, Darsi and Podili and three taluks of Kurnool locale, for example, Markapur, Yarragondapalem and Giddaluru. It is one of the nine areas in the Coastal Andhra locale of Andhra Pradesh.

Prakasam locale used to be a piece of the Red Corridor.

Topography 

Prakasam region involves a space of 17,626 square kilometers (6,805 sq mi), relatively comparable to Indonesia’s Seram Island.

The lone Municipal Corporation in Prakasam is Ongole. A portion of the fundamental towns in Prakasam locale are Singarayakonda, Addanki, Inkollu, Markapur, Yerragondapalem, Podili, Darsi, Donakonda, Chirala, Kandukur, Pamuru, Parchur, Giddaluru, Dornala, Cumbum, Kanigiri, Chimakurthy and Martur.

Markapur is India’s primary record-producing town and the home of the notable sanctuary of Lord Chennakesava. Chimakurthi is widely acclaimed for its stone stores. Dornala is otherwise called Diguva Srisailam since it is close to the memorable journey focus of Srisailam.

Cumbum lake otherwise called Gundalakamma lake based on Gundalakamma creek upon Nallamalai slopes is one of the most seasoned man-made pools of Asia. The ancient was worked by the Vijayanagar princess Varadharaj Amma.

The lake in its current structure is around 7 km (4.3 mi) long and by and large, about 3.5 km (2.2 mi) wide. According to the Imperial newspaper of India at the turn of the twentieth century, the stature of the dam was 57 feet (17 m) and the waste region was 1,100 km2 (420 sq mi). The immediate water system land was around 10,300 sections of land (4,200 ha) on the whole.

Cumbum lake is available both by the rail Guntur-Nandyal rail route line and is arranged around 108 km (67 mi) from Ongole. Albeit ordered under the Coastal Andhra area, the region’s western half has Rayalaseema-like topography and environment, being sensibly bone-dry.

Socioeconomics 

Starting at 2011 evaluation of India, the area had a populace of 3,397,448 with a thickness of 193 people for every sq. km. The absolute populace establishes, 17,14,764 guys and 16,82,684 females – a proportion of 981 females for every 1000 guys. The all-out metropolitan populace is 664,582 (19.56%).[10]:20 There are 19,04,435 literates with an education pace of 63.08%.

Economy 

The Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the locale is ₹35,962 crore (US$5.0 billion) and it contributes 6.9% to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013–14, the per capita pay at current costs was ₹85,765 (US$1,200). The essential, auxiliary, and tertiary areas of the region contribute ₹12,875 crores (US$1.8 billion), ₹7,897 crores (US$1.1 billion) and ₹15,190 crores (US$2.1 billion), respectively.

The significant items adding to the GVA of the locale from farming and unified administrations are tobacco, paddy, chilies, Batavia, milk, meat, and fisheries. The GVA to the mechanical and administration area is contributed from development, minor minerals, sloppy exchange, and responsibility for

Businesses 

The region has many help enterprises like modern testing, electrical machine fix, clinical labs, overhauling of PC equipment, the travel industry, and neighborliness. Significant fares from the area incorporate fish, prepared tobacco, stone squares, rock landmarks, and yarn.

There are numerous businesses of food and agribusiness, mineral, compound, cowhide, plastic and elastic, designing, cotton and materials, electronic items. Every one of these businesses manages prawn and fish preparing and canning, dairy items, the stone business, drugs, tanning, fishing nets, careful cotton, and so forth Woodland based businesses produce Ayurvedic drugs, fundamental oil (Palm Rose Oil), wooden furnishings, wooden toys, bamboo items, etc.

Mining

The locale leads in stone mining in the state with disclosure of Galaxy Granite in the Chimakurthy space of the region. Great stores of hued stones are found happen around Uppumaguluru and Kodidena. The minerals found in the locale are Baryte, iron metal, quartz, and silica sand. In 2010-11, 4,300 tons of Baryte, 22,722 tons of quartz, 2,24,075 tons of silica sand and 400 tons of iron mineral were produced.

Rock noblemen in the Prakasam region sold in front of the Beijing Olympics in 2008 as the common stone material was broadly utilized in the development of the game’s town. The popular Black Galaxy stone, Black pearl, Steal Gray and English Gray prepared in the SEZ make it to, among different nations, the U.S., Canada, Germany, Netherlands, Italy, Poland, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Algeria.

Handling of rock was immaterial in the area before 2010. However, presently after the setting up of 13 fares arranged units inside the SEZ and five somewhere else in the region, at any rate, 60% of the beautiful stone material is prepared here. More than 500 to 600 holders of the material are sent from the SEZ consistently to different nations, the U.S. alone representing 20%.

Mining

The locale leads in stone mining in the state with disclosure of Galaxy Granite in the Chimakurthy space of the region. Great stores of hued stones are found happen around Uppumaguluru and Kodidena. The minerals found in the locale are Baryte, iron metal, quartz, and silica sand. In 2010-11, 4,300 tons of Baryte, 22,722 tons of quartz, 2,24,075 tons of silica sand and 400 tons of iron mineral were produced.

Rock noblemen in the Prakasam region sold in front of the Beijing Olympics in 2008 as the common stone material was broadly utilized in the development of the game’s town. The popular Black Galaxy stone, Black pearl, Steal Gray and English Gray prepared in the SEZ make it to, among different nations, the U.S., Canada, Germany, Netherlands, Italy, Poland, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Algeria.

Handling of rock was immaterial in the area before 2010. However, presently after the setting up of 13 fares arranged units inside the SEZ and five somewhere else in the region, at any rate, 60% of the beautiful stone material is prepared here. More than 500 to 600 holders of the material are sent from the SEZ consistently to different nations, the U.S. alone representing 20%.

The Travel Industry 

The Bhairava Kona cavern sanctuaries are eighth-century single stone trim cavern sanctuaries (like Mahabalipuram) for Lord Shiva.

Cumbum Tank is one of the most established man-made lakes in Asia. The ancient was worked by the Vijayanagar Princess Varadharajamma (otherwise called Ruchidevi), spouse of Sri Krishna Devaraya. The length of this tank is 7 km (4.3 mi) and the width is 3 km (1.9 mi). It has gotten World Heritage Irrigation Structure (WHIS) tag in the year 2020 by UNESCO.

Transport 

The all-out street length of public interstates in the locale is 1,184 km (736 mi).[18] The area is all around associated with National expressways, public parkways, and regional streets also. The NH 16 goes through Ongole which is the significant interstate associating Howrah – Chennai, a piece of Asian Highway Network AH45. APSRTC, a state government public transport works administration.

The locale has a rail organization of 406 km (252 mi). The whole rail network is under the South Central Railway zone. Ongole is one of the fundamental stations of this region and the vast majority of the stations are under the Vijayawada rail route division.

Clergyman of State for Civil Aviation has allowed site freedom for setting up of a Greenfield Airport at Ongole.

Schooling 

The essential and optional school instruction is conferred by government, helped, and tuition-based schools, under the state’s School Education Department. according to the school data report for the scholarly year 2015–16, there is an aggregate of 4,311 schools.

They incorporate, 33 government, 2,949 Mandal and Zilla Parishad, 1 private, 1079 private, 10 models, 37 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 50 metropolitan, and 152 different kinds of schools. The complete number of understudies who took a crack at essential, upper essential, and secondary schools of the locale are 562,510. The all outnumber of understudies selected essential, upper essential, and secondary schools of the region are 461,065

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