The Ultimate Guide to Kurnool: History, Politics, Culture, and More!

Kurnool is a city and the legal capital of Andhra Pradesh, India. It once in the past filled in as the capital of Andhra State (1953–1956). The city is regularly alluded to as “The Gateway of Rayalaseema.” It additionally fills in as the locale central command of its Kurnool area. Starting at 2011 evaluation, it is the fifth most crowded city in the state with a populace of 484,327. It is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra stream. Albeit the region has been occupied for millennia, the current Kurnool was established in the sixteenth century CE with the development of the Konda Reddy Fort.


The first name of Kurnool is found in chronicled records as Kandanavōlu or Kandanōlu. It used to be an intersection on the Tungabhadra River, where the bullock truck processions are accepted to have made everything go smoothly (“kandana” being a reference to grease). The city is frequently alluded to as “The Gateway of Rayalaseema


Palaeolithic Period

The Ketavaram rock works of art from the Paleolithic period and are (18 kilometers from Kurnool). Additionally, the Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta, and Yaganti in Kurnool District have some significant stone craftsmanship and compositions nearby might be dated from 35,000 to 40,000 years prior.

Belum Caves are topographically and generally significant collapses the area. There are signs that Jain and Buddhist priests were involving these caverns hundreds of years prior. Numerous Buddhist relics were found inside the caverns. These relics are presently housed in Museum at Ananthapur. Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) discovered remainders of vessels and different relics of pre-Buddhist time and has dated the leftovers of vessels found in the caverns to 4500 BC.

Vijayanagara Period 

Little was thought about Kurnool town before the eleventh century. The soonest information on this settlement dates from the eleventh century. It has created as travel put on the southern banks of the waterway Tungabhadra.

Administered by the Cholas in the twelfth century and later taken over by the Kakatiya administration in the thirteenth century. Kurnool formed into a travel point on the southern banks of the Tungabhadra River. It ultimately fell under the standard of a jaghirdar prior to turning into a piece of the Vijayanagar tradition. Lord Achyuta Raya, replacement of Sri Krishnadeva Raya built the Kurnool Fort during the sixteenth century.

Mughals Rule 

The Abyssinian, Abdul Wahab Khan, crushed King Gopal Raja of the Vijayanagar Kingdom in the seventeenth century and proceeded to administer the land for a very long time until his demise.

In 1686, Kurnool fell affected by the Mughals who were managed by Emperor Aurangzeb. Later on, in Kurnool’s set of experiences, it was managed by the Nawabs until the British Government took over in 1839.


Ghulam Rasul Khan Bahadur (passed on 12 July 1840) was the last nawab of Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh. He ruled the domain from 1823 to 1839 until the realm was crushed by the East India Company. On 12 October 1839, a conflict broke out between British Indian Army and the realm and proceeded for six days until the lord was confined on 18 October. He was consequently shipped off Tiruchirappalli Central Prison where he passed on 12 July 1840.


Kurnool was the capital of the recent Andhra State between 1 October 1953 and 31 October 1956. The state was subsequently converged with Telangana to frame Andhra Pradesh with Hyderabad as the state’s capital.

Geology of Kurnool

Kurnool is situated at 15.8333°N 78.05°E. It has a normal height of 273 meters (898 feet). Kurnool lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. The Hundri and Neeva streams likewise course through the city. The K.C.Canal (Kurnool–Cuddapah) was worked by the Dutch for transportation, however, later utilized for water systems.


Milestones in and around the city incorporate Konda Reddy Fort Formerly called Kondareddy Burj is the Historical Monument and Major Tourist Attraction of Kurnool situated at the northeast piece of the city. Orvakal rock Gardens is the Sculpture Garden with an Ancient cavern that lies on the South East of the city

Dynamics and Religion

According to definite information of 2011 registration, Kurnool metropolitan agglomeration had a populace of 484,327, making it the fifth biggest city in the province of Andhra Pradesh. The education pace of Kurnool was 77.37 percent at the hour of the 2011 evaluation.

According to definite information of 2011 statistics, Hindus shaped the greater part of the Kurnool metropolitan agglomeration. Other strict gatherings found in Kurnool are Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, and Parsees.

Government and Legislative Issues 

Kurnool fills in as the area central command of its Kurnool district. The city is managed by Kurnool Municipal Corporation.


The essential and auxiliary school instruction is bestowed by Government, helped, and non-public schools of the School Education Department of the state.


  • Streets 

Public Highway 44 (India) runs from Srinagar to Kanyakumari and furthermore roadway of Bangalore to Hyderabad. goes through Kurnool.

Public interstate 340C [ Kurnool-Dornala ] which interfaces with Srisailam, Vinukonda, Guntur, Vijayawada.

Public Highway 40, [ Rayalaseema Expressway ] which runs from Kurnool to Chittoor, are the significant thruways going through the city.

The city has an all-out street length of 519.22 km State possessed transport framework, APSRTC, works transports from the Kurnool bus stop to different pieces of the state.

  • Railroads 

Kurnool City railroad station lies on the Bengaluru – Hyderabad rail line. It is named A–classification station in the Hyderabad rail line division of the South Central Railway zone. Another rail line station name Kotla lies in the city. 

  • Air terminal 

Kurnool Airport, authoritatively known as Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy Airport, is situated at Orvakal and is arranged on the National Highway 40, around 18 km (11 mi) from Kurnool and 54 km (34 mi) from Nandyal. Business tasks of the greenfield air terminal were begun in March 2021.


Kurnool is invested with acceptable mineral assets. The significant minerals are Iron metal, dolomite, limestone, ochre, quartz, and silica

Places to Visit

Kurnool District has numerous journey communities


  • Srisailam
  • Mahanandi
  • Mantralayam
  • Orvakal Rock Gardens
  • City Forest [ Gargeyapuram ]
  • Yaganti
  • Banaganapalli Nawab Bungalow
  • Belum Caves
  • Kolanu Bharathi Temple
  • Adoni Lakshmamma avva Temple
  • Urukunda Eranna Swamy Temple
  • Maddileti Swamy Temple
  • Velugodu Reservoir
  • Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nandavaram Temple


Exploring Kurnool

With forts, dams, ancient structures, and temples, Kurnool is replete with things to see and experience. Srisailam is an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Mallikarjuna. Situated on an elevation along with the River Krishna as it winds its way through the Nallamalai Hills, Srisailam commands a beautiful view of the surrounding countryside. The hill this temple is situated on is much revered by devotees and has been a pilgrimage site for the Saivite sect for centuries. Another temple, Manchalam, is located in sylvan surroundings on the banks of the Tungabhadra River.

History buffs will be thrilled to visit Kurnool Fort in the heart of the city. Splendidly built and standing tall despite the centuries, the fort is an amazing complex that lets the traveler in for a slice of the lives of people long gone by. The Konda Reddy Buruju is a prison and is accessed through a tunnel across the River Krishna from Alampur. It is here that freedom fighter Konda Reddy breathed his last, fighting the Jagirdars in pre-British India. There is a passage under this prison, said to contain treasure, and after repeated attempts to steal it, the passage has been permanently sealed away.

The Kurnool caves, or Belum caves as they are popularly known, and the Srisailam Dam are two other must-visit places. The cave complex is among the largest and most extensive in the world and is known for its stalactite and stalagmite formations, intricate passageways, chambers, fresh water galleries, wells, waterfalls, and siphons. The dam is picturesque and is the ideal place for a family picnic. The Mahanadi and Tungabhadra Rivers are beautiful through all their stretches as they flow through Kurnool.

Getting Around

The best way to travel in and around Kurnool is by private taxis that are available in the main city. Government buses ply between Kurnool and other cities in the state and so do auto-rickshaws if you want to cover shorter distances quickly.


  • Summers can be especially harsh in Andhra Pradesh with temperatures crossing 450 C in May. Be sure to visit in the cooler season from October to March.
  • Kurnool is a vast district, so do plan your itinerary accordingly to avoid hassles in getting around.

How to Reach Kurnool

On a daily basis, there are approximately 273 flights that operate at Begumpet Airport.IndiGo, SpiceJet, and Air India are the most popular airline brands that fly frequently to this airport.

Besides flying you can also reach Kurnool by train. Kurnool Town is one of the most popular train stations in Kurnool. On average, about 68 trains pass through Kurnool on a daily basis. Dronachalam to Kurnool, Mahbubnagar to Kurnool, Gadwal to Kurnoolare some of the most popular routes to Kurnool with 65, 60, 60 trains weekly respectively.

By road Kurnool is surrounded by Gadwal, Wanaparthy, Raichur which are 34.7 km, 37.58 km, 54.83 km away respectively. These places are ideal spots for people to plan their short weekend break.

Where to Stay in Kurnool?

Kurnool has a total of 6 hotels. There are 6 hotels in Kurnool with the popular ones being Hotel SV Regency, Hotel DVR Mansion, The Mourya Inn etc.

This was all about Kurnool. We hope you found this article interesting and insightful!

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